MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY


                                                            FACULTYOF SOCIAL SCIENCES
                                                  PROGRAMME: M.A. GANDHIAN STUDIES

                                                                    DURATION: 2 YEARS
                                                              SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
                                                                        CORE COURSES

Code No. Core Course Credit Internal Marks External Marks Total Marks
   501 Foundations of Social  Science.      4            50             50            100
   502 Research Methodology      4            50             50            100
   503 Fundamentals of Gandhian
     4            50             50            100
   504 Making of the Mahatma      4           50             50            100
   505 Gandhiji and the National Movement      4           50             50            100
   506 Political Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi      4           50             50            100
   507 Gandhian Economics      4           50             50            100
   508 Satyagraha      4           50             50            100
   509 Peace Studies      4           50             50            100
   510 Gandhi and the Modern world      4           50             50            100
   511 Modern Indian Social Thought      4           50             50           100
   512 Concurrent Fieldwork      4           50             50           100
   513 Dissertation      4           50             50           100
   514 Block Placement& Viva-Voce      4           50             50           100

                                                 M.A GANDHIAN STUDIES

                                                     CORE COURSE – 501
                                             Foundation of Social Sciences

  • The evolution of social sciences – the age of reason – Social Sciences as sciences – evolution of sociology and anthropology – evolution of political science. Relationship between various branches and between Social Sciences and Gandhian Studies – National and International force for Social Sciences – ICSSR.
  • Concept and ideas of economics – Definition and scope of Economics – Economic Systems – traditional – capitalist – command type-mixed: Neoliberal foundations of modern capitalism – globalization ; determinants of demand and supply – market equilibrium – price system – macro – economic stability; economics of growth – law of returns – growth and the developing countries; production costs – economies and diseconomies of scale – cost – benefit considerations – forms of competition – international trade – terms of trade.
  • Concepts and ideas of politics. Definition and scope of political science – Political concepts- Justice – Liberty – equality – rights and duties – Article 51A of our constitution – power, nature of state evolution theory – organs and forms of government; political ideologies – liberalism – Marxism – Socialism – Fascism – Nationalism – secularism – foundations of modern democracy – from representative democracy to deliberative democracy – empowerment – participation – Imperialism and colonialism-social capital.
  • Concepts and ideas of sociology – definition and scope of sociology – culture – socialization – social stratification – groups and organization – sex and gender – family,marriage and religion – social change –bureaucracy – social deviance- population – meaning of anthropology –human evolution.
  • Concepts and ideas of psychology – definition and scope – perception and attention – feeling and emotion – motivation and adjustment – learning – personality – social psychology – different branches of psychology.

Reading List

  • Amal Ray and Mohit Bhattacharya (1969) Political Theory: Ideas and Institutions, World Press.
  • Robert Dhal & Bruce Stinebrickner (2003) Modern Political Analysis, Prentice Hall.
  • K.N Prasad (1986) Foundations of Modern Economics , New Delhi, Sterling Publishers.
  • Paul A. Samuelson & William D. Nordhaus (1985) Economics, McGraw-Hill.
  • Craig J. Calhoun, Donald Light, Suzanne Infeld Keller (1997) Sociology, McrawHill.
  • Macmillan, Student Encyclopedia of Sociology.
  • John J. Macionis (2010) Society: The Basics, Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Carol R. Ember, Melvin R. Ember, Peter N. Peregrine (2010) Anthropology, Prentice Hall.

                                                          CORE COURSE – 502
                                                   RESEARCH METHODLOGY

  • Nature of any scientific Enquiry – Steps of the scientific Method – Epistemological basis of any research – Identification and formulatin of a research problem.
  • Concepts, Variables and procedures – linking theory with field work – The role of research design – Non empirical designs and the role of inference – Empirical designs and the survey method – Experimental Research and the role of the testing programme – Case Studies.
  • Tools and Techniques of data collection – objectivity, Validity and Reliability with reference to the tools – Interviews schedule questionnaires and the method if observation – Sampling procedures and field work.
  • Hypothesis and the concept of significance – Tools of hypothesis and analysis of variance – Data processing – Manual and electror measures of central tendencies and Dispersion – functions of statistical techniques –
  • The structure of a Research Report – Balancing theory and field data – creature dimensions of the research report – presentation of the findings – Referencing and preparation of the bibliography.

Reading List

  • Johan Galtung (1969) Theory and Methods of Social Research Columbia University Press.
  • W.J.Woods Methods of Social Research
  • Moser & Kalton (1985) Survey Methods in Social Investigations, Dartmouth.
  • Karl Popper Logic of Scientific Enquiry
  • Earnest Negal (1971) The Structure of Science, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  • Richard Rudner (1966) Philosophy of Social Sciences, Prentice-Hall.
  • M.N. Srinivas (1979) The Field Workerand the Field, Oxford University Press.
  • Burton & Cherry (1970) Social Research Techniques, Allen & Unwin.
  • V.D.Shab Research Design
  • K.Janda Data processing
  • P.Y.Young (1966) Scientific Surveys and Research, Prentice-Hall.

                                                                         CORE COURSE – 503
                                                  FUNDAMENTALSOF GANDHIAN THOUGHT

  • Socio – religions and political context of Gandhi’s advent – early influences: (a) parental (b) religions (c) sages and seens – delving the depth of religions – equality of religions (sarvadharma Samabhava) –self – realization the ultimate goal of life
  • Truth – Satya levels of meaning and implications – relative truths and Absolute Truth – from God are Truth to Truth is God – Truth through non violence.
  • Non-Violence – Ahimsa – meaning and conceptual framework – non-violence as the law of (a) our being (b) our species and as the dynamics of history – Types of non-violence – nonviolence as the basis of personal life and as technique of social transformation.
  • Gandhian ethics – concept of human nature – Ends and Means – yajna, rights and duties – vows and their significance – personal formation and social transformation – Gandhian life – style.
  • Ideal Society – Sarvodaya – its structure – The Gandhian technique of establishing the ideal order – Resistance (Satyagraha) and Reconstruction (through constructive programme).

Reading list

  • The collected works of Mahatma Gandhi (Relevant volumes)
  • Relevant edited/compiled works of Gandhi.
  • Bhikhu Parekh (2010) Gandhi, A very short Introduction, Sterling Publishing.
  • Manmohan Chandhuri – Exploring Gandhi
  • C.F Andrews (2011) Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas: Including Selections from HisWritings, Literary Licensing.
  • N.K. Bose (1962) Studies in Gandhism, Nirmal Kumar.
  • J.B. Kripalani (2011) Gandhi His Life and Thought, BiblioBazaar.
  • R R. Diwakar (1969) The Saga of Satyagraha, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Margaret Chatterjee (1983) Gandhians Religions Thought, Macmillan.
  • M.P.Mathai (2000) Mahatma Gandhi’s WorldView, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Surendra Verma (1970) Physical Foundations of Mahatma Gandhis Thought, Orient Longmans on behalf of Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Datta D.M (1961) The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

                                                                      CORE COURSE – 504
                                                                   Making of the Mahatma

  •  Early Life: Life in Kathiawad – Early influences – Glimpses of Religion – Education in England – Contact with humanitarian and progressive ideas – Acquaintance with Religious – Significance of the English phase.
  • Gandhi in South Africa – Victim of racial hostility – acquaintance with the India problem – The Boer war – Natal India Congress – The £3 Tax – Indian awakening in South Africa – In Defence of Indian Community in South Africa. Towardsself–realization – Discovery of mission in life – study of the Gita – The Magic spell of a book – Phoenic settlement – Indian Opinion – Vowof Brahmacharya.
  • Advent of Satyagraha: Genesis – Asiatic Registration Act – Novel method of resistance – Source of Inspiration – courses of the movement. Triumph of Satyagraha: Trials and setbacks – Tolstoy farm – Gokale’s Visit – The last phase- Revocation of the Black Act.
  • Gandhi in India – Founding of the Ashram – The Stain of Indigo – In touch with Labour – The Kheda Satyagraha.
  • Entrance into Indian national Movement – The Rowlatt Act – The Birth of Khadi – Gandhi’s place in History.

                                                                 CORE COURSE – 505
                                           GANDHI AND THE NATIONAL MOVEMENT

  • History: Meaning and Definition, Scope of History – Theory of History – Methodlogy of History Historigraphy.
  • Political and Social Conditions of India Before Gandhi: Political Economics, Social Subjection , Degradation – Indian unrest – Revolt of 1857 – Emergence of Nationalism – Influence of Western Educationlism – Socio-Religious Movements – Emergence of Political Associations – Foundation of Indian National congress – Ideology and Programme – Moderates – Extremists and Terrorists – Muslim separatism.
  • Gandhi Rise to Political Power: First world war and political ferment in India – Non-Violent Resistance in Champaran, Ahmedabad and Kheda – Home Rule Movement ,Rowlat Bills, All India Hural and Jallianwallah Bagh – Khilafat and Non – Co-operation movement construction programme – Pro-change, No chance controversy – Swaraj Party– Simon commission and all Parties conference – Road to ‘Poorna Swaraj’.
  • Last Phase the Freedom Movement: Salt Satyagraha – Round Table Conference – Communal Award and Poona Pact – Gandhi and the Socialists, Congress in Office – Second world war – Cripps Mission and Quit India Movement – Jinnah – Nehru controversy. Lahore Resolution – Rajaji Sheme – Wavell plan and cabinet Mission – Interim Government.Direct Action and Mountbatten Plan – Constitutional Progress – Constitution for Indian Union Integration of states.
  • Gandhi’s Role in the freedom Movement: Dawn of Independence – communal riots – Gandhiji’s last sacrifice – various dimensions and characteristics of Gandhi’s Leadership – Gandhian concept of freedom – Institutions and organizations founded by Gandhi.

Reading List

  • A.R. Desai (2005) Social Background of Indian Nationalism, Ramdas G.Bhatkal .
  • Annie Basent: flow India wrought for Freedom
  • B. Sheilk Ali: HIstory – its Theory and Method
  • D.G. Tendulkar (1960) Mahatma, 8 Vols. Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India.
  • H.C.E. Zacharias: Renasent India, From Ram Mohan Roy to M.J(. Gandhi
  • H.N. Brailsford (1949) Mahatma Gandhi, Odhams Press.
  • H.S.L. Polak (1986) The Father of Modern India, Anmol Publications (India).
  • John C.B. Webster(1981) An Introduction to History, Macmillan.
  • Louis Fischer (1997) The Life of Mahatma Gandhi, HarperCollins.
  • M.K. Gandhi (1945) Constructive programme: its meaning and place, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • J .C. Kumarappa (1948) Why the Village Movement, Wardha: Village Industries Association.

                                                                  Core Course – 506

                                             POLITICAL IDEAS OF MAHATMA GANDHI


  • To study the meaning of politics including the Nature of the State
  • To study the concepts of political Science, Definition of Democracy, Basic elements of Democracy, Liberty, Equality, Foundation of Gandhian thought and Rama Rajya etc.
  • To assess Political Ideologies, Liberalism, Socialism, Fascism, Nationalism and Internationalism.
  • To anaylse the Nature and Form of Non-Violent State, Panchayati Raj and to bring out the relevance of Satyagraha in Personal Life – Champaran Satyagraha – Bardoli Satyagraha – Ahmedbad Mill Owner’s strike.
  • Finally to analyse and suggest the Political Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi. Introduction, Meaning of Politics. Nature of the the State – Rights and Duties of Citizens – Gokhale and Gandhi.Key Concepts of Political Science: – Liberty and Equality-Law-Justice, Power, Authority, Democracy and Foundation of Gandhian Political Thought. Philosophical – Ethical – Social-Economic – Ramarajya.Political Ideologies: – Liberalism – Socialism – Fascism, Nationalism and Internationalism – Religion Vs Politics.Nature and Form of Non Violent state – Grama Swaraj and Decentralization – Panchayati Raj – Gandhi and Parliamentarism – Raj-Vaiti and Lokniti, Gandhian Anarchy.Satyagraha in Personal life: – Satyagraha as a technique to fight social evils as a method of social transformation-qualifications of a satyagrahi-Champaran Satyagraha-Bardoli satyagraha – Post Gandhian Political thinking. Jayaprakash Narian, Acharya Vino Bhave.

Reading List

  • Appadorai .A (1968) The substance of Politics, Oxford U.P.
  • Alexander Horace (1919) Social and Politiical Ideas of Mahatma Gandhi, New Delhi Indian Council of World Affairs.
  • B. Kumarappa (ed) (1951) TowardsNon-violent socialism, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • Biku Park Gandhian Political Philosophy – A Critical Study.
  • Buddhadeva Battacharaya (1969) Evolution of the Political Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi , Culcutta Book House .
  • Datta D.M. (1953) The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi, The University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Diwakar R.R (1968) Mahatma Gandhi: 100 years, New Delhi, Gandhi Peace Foundation .
  • M.K Gandhi (1951) Satyagraha, Ahmedabad, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • Gopinath Dhawan : The Political Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi (Navajivan, Publishing House, Ahemedabad).
  • J. Bandyopadhyaya (1969) Social and Political Thought of Gandhi, Allied Publishers.
  • Jayaprakash Narayan (1964) Fundamental Problems of Panchayat Raj, New Delhi.
  • Karan Singh (1963) Prophet of Indian Nationalism, London,George Allen & Unwin.
  • Kumarappa Bharatan(1965) Capitalism, Socialism or Villagism,Sarva Seva Sangh Prakashan.
  • M. Maharajan (1998) Economic Thought of Mahatma Gandhi, Discovery Publishing House, New Delhi
  • M. Maharajan (1996) Gandhian Thought. A Study of Tradition and Modernity, New Delhi ,SterlingPublishers..
  • M.K. Gandhi (1951) Satyagraha , Ahmedabad ,Navajivan Pub. House.
  • R.R. Diwakar (1969) Saga of Satyagraha, New Delhi, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • S. Raghva Iyer (1973) The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi,New York.
  • T.S. Devadoss (1974) Sarvodaya and the Problem of Political Sovereignty,University of Madras.
  • Vinobha Bhave (1963) Swarajya Sastra, NavaJivan Publication
  • V.P.Varma : The Political Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and Sarvodaya (Lakshmi Narain Agarwal, Agra, 1959, 1981 Edn.).

                                                                    Core course – 507

                                                CREDIT AND SEMESTER SYSTEM 2006
                                                          Course – Gandhian Economics

  • Economics – Definition and scope – The Evolution of Economic Doctrine, Mercantilism, Physiocracy, Classical Political Economic Thought , Criticism of the German Historical School, Science and Ideology in Economics, Rationality and Ethics in Economics,Sources of Gandhian Economics – Indian And Western.
  • Pre- Gandhian Economic Thought in India ( 19th century) – Ram Mohan Roy And Economic Modernisation, Satish Chandra Mukherjee and Rural Communitarianism, G V Joshi and the Inter sectoral imbalances, Dadabhai Navoroji and the “Economic Drain”,Ranade and Economic Nationalism, Romesh Chandra Dutt on Imperialism, Land tax and Famines, Gokhale on Development and Welfare , Swadeshi and National Development – Origin and Evolution.
  • Neoclassical Economics and Economics : A Comparison – Ethical man and Economic man , Truth and Non – Violence, Means and ends, Simplicity, Limitings wants, Co –operation, Decentralisation, Self sufficiency, Sarvodaya – Comsumption , Production,Distribution and Welfare criteria.
  • A study on Economic Dimension of Gandhian Ideas – Swadeshi – Meaning and Defintion, Comparison with various theories of International Trade, Transfer of Technology and Capital, Globalisation, Bread labour – Meaning and Definition, Nature of production and motivation in Bread labour, Khadi and Village Industries, industrialization, Mechanization, Science and Technology , Equality, Labour and Capital Relations,Doctrine of Trusteeship.
  • Post Gandhian Contribution to Gandhian Economics – Vinoba Bave’s six fold Dan – Bhoodan, Gramadan, Shramdan, Budhidan, Sampattidan, Jivandan, J.C.Kumarappa’s views on resolving the conflict between Spiritual and Economic life – Alternative Development and Appropriate technology.

Reading List

  • Bhattia , H.L (2009) History of Economic Thought, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Limited.
  • Ajith Kumar DasGupta (1996) Gandhi’s Economic Thought, Routledge.
  • K.K. Dewett(1995) Modern Economic Theory, New Delhi, S Chand.
  • Romesh Diwan and Mark Lutz(ed) (1987) Essays in Gandhian Economics, Intermediate Technology Development Group of North America.
  • M.K Gandhi (1959) Rebuilding our village, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • M.K Gandhi (1959) Economic and Industrial life and relations, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • M.K. Gandhi (2010) Hind Swaraj, Rajpal & Sons.
  • M.K Gandhi (1997) Industrial and Agrarian life and Relations, Greenleaf Books.
  • M.K Gandhi (1966) Industrialize and Perish, Navajivan Pub. House.
  • M.K Gandhi:Village Industries
  • M.K Gandhi (1967 ) The Gospel of Swadeshi , Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.
  • M. K Gandhi (1945) Constructive Programmes: : its meaning and place, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • M.K Gandhi (1960) Bread Labour, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • B N Ganguly (1977) Indian Economic Thought: Nineteenth Century Perspectives, Tata McGraw-Hill Pub. Co.
  • Daniel M Hausman (1996) The Philosophy of Economics:An Anthology, The Cambridge Press.
  • J .Kumarappa (1958) Economy of Permanance : a quest for a social order based on non-violence, Akhil Bharat Sarva-Seva-Sangh.
  • J. Kumarappa (1949) Why the village movement? , The All India Village Industries Association.
  • Pyarelal (1959) TowardsNew Horizons , Navajivan.
  • John Robinson and John Entwell (1974) An Introduction to Modern Economics,McGraw-Hill.
  • Amartya Sen (1991) On ethics and Economics, Blackwell.

                                                                  CORE COURSE- 508

  • Truth and non violence: How Gandhi arrived at non-violence – Truth through non-violence – Nonviolence in major religious traditions : Hindu, Jain, Buddhist and Christian.
  • Nonviolence (Ahimsa) – meaning and conceptual framework – Gandhi’s emphasis on the positive aspect of nonviolence. Nonviolence as soul force, Love (Service).
  • Non-violence as (1) ‘the law of our being’ (2) ‘the law of our species’ (3) as the cohesive force aspirating in history – human evolution towards greater non violence.
  • Types of non-violence: of the brave, of the weak and the coward, principled nonviolence and strategic non violence – importance of organizing life on the basis of the principle of non-violence. Non-violence as the basis of personal life nonviolence direct action – Satyagraha (case studies to be incorporated) Non-violence as a technique of Social transformation (case studies to be incorporated).

Reading list

Primary source (i) The collected works of Mahatma Gandhi – (all volumes) Besides, the students can make use of edited/completed works of Gandhi.

Secondary source

  • K.P.Misra & S.C Gangal (ed) (1981) Gandhi and the contemporary world, Chanakya Publications.
  • Manmohan Choudhari (1989) Exploring Gandhi, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • M.P.Mathai (2000) Mahatma Gandhi’s World view,Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • R.R. Diwakar (1969) The saga of Satyagraha, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Ravindra Varma (2001) The spiritual basis of Satyagraha, Navajivan Publishing House.
  • Bhikha Parekh (2001) Gandhi a very short Introduction, Oxford.
  • Erik Herikson (1969) Gandhi’s truth: on the origins of militant non –violence, Norton.
  • Richard Grey – The power of non violence.
  • V.P.Gaur – The power of non violence.
  • J.S. Mathur (1990) Peace non violence and World order(2 volumes), Vohra.
  • Unto Tantinen ,Ahimsa Nonviolence in India Tradition.

                                                              CORE COURSE – 509
                                                                     Peace studies

  • Meaning of Peace – Origin of Peace Studies – Characteristics and methodological features of peace studies – peace studies and the other social sciences – Different approaches to peace studies – Gandhian approach to peace.
  • Nature and types of violence – meaning of structural violence – the radical critique of peace studies.
  • Peace and major world religions (Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism) – war and ethics – peace and development – Militarism and military industrial complex – main currents in armament and disarmament.
  • Women and peace – contributions of feminism to peace studies – Peace education: nature and goals – peace movements in India and abroad – peace and democracy.
  • Non – violent Action and Defence: Theoretical and practical aspects – peaceful societies – culture of peace – preconditions for a peaceful world order.

Reading List

  • Ghanashyam Paradesi, Contemporary Peace Research, New Delhi.
  • World Encyclopedia of Peace.
  • Lester Kurtz (ed) Encyclopaedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict.
  • Johan Galtung (1996) Peace with Peaceful Means, Sage.
  • Johan Galtung, Essays in Peace Research Vol 1-5, Copenhagen, Christian Eljiers.
  • Johan Galtung (1990) “Cultural Violence” Journal of Peace Research, 27, 3.
  • Birjit Brock-Utne (1989) Feminist Perspectives on Peace and peace Education,Pergamon.
  • M.S. John (1993) “Concepts and Approachesto Peace” Gandhi Marg,.
  • M.S. John (1990) “Understanding Peace Education”, Gandhi Marg.
  • Rita manchanda ed. (2001) Women, War and Peace in South Asia. Sage.
  • W. Scott Thompson et al (ed.) Approaches to Peace: An Intellectual Map, US Instituteof Peace.
  • Journal of Peace Research, Gandhi Marg.

                                                                     CORE COURSE – 510
                                                     GANDHI AND THEMODERN WORLD

  • Modern world in crisis – multidimensional nature of the crisis – mounting violence – environmental issues – values in crisis – threat to survival.
  • Gandhi’s critique of modern civilization (in Hind Swaraj and later writings) – Gandhi’s views on true civilization – merit of Indian culture over the modern western.
  • Towards a unipolar world – collapse of the soviet – model and the present way of capitalism – marketisation – neo colonialism: in the third world.
  • Responding to the challenges of modernsation militarization and marketisation – search for alternatives – paradigm shift – sustainability, holistic living and peace – building as imperatives.
  • Gandhian answer to the above challenges; Resistance (Satyagraha) and reconstruction (constructive programme) – Sarvodaya social order as alternative (from the perspectives of sustainability, peace and holism)

Reading list
Primary Sources

  • Collected works of Mahatma Gandhi (all volumes)
  • Relevant edited/complied works.

Secondary Sources

  • Bhikhu Parekh (2001) Gandhi, a very short introduction, Oxford.
  • M.P.Mathai (2000) Mahatma Gandhi’s WorldView, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Manmohan Chandhuri (1989) Exploring Gandhi, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Pyarelal (1959) TowardsNew Horizons, Navajivan.
    E.F. Schumacher (1973) Small is Beatuiful: a study of economics as if people mattered,Blond and Briggs.
  • G.Ramachandran & T.K. Madhavan (eds.), Gandhi: His Relevance for our Times.
  • Capra Fritjof (1983) The Turning Point: Science, Society, and the Rising Culture,Flamingo.
  • Saul H Mendalovitz (ed.) (1975) On the creation of Just world order, The Free Press.
  • Nageshwar Prasad (ed.) (1985) Hind Swaraj. A Fresh look, Gandhi Peace Foundation.
  • Nageshwar Prasad (ed.) (1990) Gandhi Historical and Contemporary perspectives,Segment Book Distributors.
  • Gangal S.C (1988) Gandhian Thought and Techniquesin the modern world, Criterion Publications.
  • Ramashray Roy (1986) Contemporary crisis and Gandhi, Discovery Pub. House.
  • Ramashray Roy (1984) Self and Society: a study in Gandhian thought, Sage.

                                                                             CORE COURSE – 511
                                                             MODERN INDIAN SOCIAL THOUGHT

  • Lokamanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak – Life and work – Criterion of Reality – The ultimate Reality – Jiva – the Individual self , Prakriti and Karma – Tilak’s Theory of right action – The state of the perfect ones – criticism of Talik’s Met a physical position – Tilak’s practical discipline.
  • Rabindranath Tagore – Life and work – Metaphysics – Reality – The Individual soul –The world – Maya – creation – Ethics – Phlisophy of Education – Social and political Ideals.
  • Swami Vivekananda – Life and work – Religion – Knowledge – and Ignorance – Reality – creation – Transmigration – Maya – Ethics – Liberation and the Means – Bhakti yoga – Raja yoga – Inana yoga – Jivanmukti Education – Social Ideals.
  • Sri.Aurobinto – Life and work – Reality – Involution and Evolution – Knowledge and Ignorance – Ethics – Path and Liberation – Educational Philosophy – Social Philosophy – Political Philosophy – Nationalism.
  • Dr.S.Radhakrishanan – Life and work – Philosophy – Religion – The three ways of knowing – The absolute Reality – The individuals self – The cosmic evolution – Ethics – Liberation and its means – Social philosophy – Education – Politics.

                                                                           CORE COURSE – 512

                                             CONCURRENT FIELD WORK : GANDHIAN STUDIES

The MA programme in Gandhian Studies will have a strong field work component in addition to Block Placement and Dissertation . There will be specified days for fieldwork every week during which one of the teachers will be assisting the students. Ward level dynamics, formation of neighbourhood groups, functioning of self-help groups, assocational life in the ward, functioning of anganwadis, school PTAs, mid-day meal schemes, disaster management, functioning of farmers organizations like Padasekhara Committees etc., are some of the many sites for field work. The Family court, which is situated in Ettumanoor,can also be a site for continuous fieldwork.

There shall be weekly fieldwork reporting. Notional scores showing the quality of field work carried out by each student should be displayed on the notice board every month in order to induce some degree of seriousness into it. Since the fieldwork will have to be evaluated semester wise, it should carry due weightage in the first three semesters. A list of all local NGO’s and state – level NGO’s who are willing to take students for placement may be maintained. Before the students are asked to do field work, they may be taught some basic skills in undertaking field work – time management , rural communication. Rapid methods of data collection, and so on. Field Worker and the Field by M.N Srinivas could serve as a text for reference.

The student will have to maintain a field work diary detailing out all what was done in each semester having the field work component.In addition, the student will have to submit a field work report in each semester. The internal marks for field work will be based on the performance of the students, weekly reporting and field diary. The external component will be assessed on the basis of the field work report.

Since assisted field is an essential component of the programme, a fifteen seater vehicle and adequate funds may be requested from the University.

Field Work for MA Gandhian Studies

The MA students of Gandhian Studies will be required to do assisted field work in the final semester as in MA development studies and they will be evaluated following the same procedure.

                                                                     SGT 513 – DISSERTATION

Every student in the fourth semester of M.A Gandhian Studies has to prepare a dissertation on a topic approved by the Guide. The topic should be related to the broad area of Gandhian Studies or other current issues analyzed from a Gandhian perspective.The study can be either empirical or theoretical.

The length of the Dissertation be limited to page 65-80.

The assessment of the Dissertation will be based on the Report and the Viva-Voce.

The Board will have an External Examiner from out side the University to be appointed by the Head of the Department/School on the advice of the Faculty Council from a Panel approved by the Viva-Chancellor.

The Board of Examiners will consist of Internal Guide and External Examiner.Every student must submit 4 copies of Dissertation for valuation.

Every student must submit the Dissertation with in the time limit notified.

Dissertation ………….. 100 Marks (4 credits)

                                       CORE COURSE – 514 BLOCK PLACEMENTSAND VIVA– VOCE


Every student in the IV Semester M.A. Gandhian Studies is required to complete a fulltirne Block Placement of 2 months under the supervision of the Faculty members. Every student must prepare and submit the Block Placement report within the stipulated period. The Block placement marks will be based on the work experience, internal group evaluation, Block Placement report and Viva-Voce.

Every student in the IV Semester Gandhian Studies will have a Viva-Voce examination. The Viva Board will be decided by the Faculty Council. There will be an external examiner in the Viva- Board. The Viva-Voce examination will be comprehensive i.e. it includes theory, fieldwork, Block-Placement and Dissertation.

Total credits for Viva-Voce& Block Placement will be 4 (100 Marks)

                                                              MAHATMA GANDHI UNIVERSITY
                                                                FACULTYOF SOCIAL SCIENCES
                                                    . PROGRAMME: M.A. GANDHIAN STUDIES
                                                                        DURATION: 2 YEARS
                                                                    SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
                                                                        ELECTIVE COURSE

Code No. Elective Course Credit Internal Marks External Marks Total Marks
     530 Cultural Heritage of India    4           50           50        100
     531 Introduction to Logic    4           50           50        100
     532 Gandhian Approach to Rural Development    4           50           50        100
     533 Indian Society: An Analvsis    4           50           50        100
     534 Social Action and Social Movement    4           50           50        100
     535 Understanding World
Religion: An Introduction
to Buddhism & Jainism
   4           50           50        100
     536 Conflict Resolution: Theory & Practice    4           50           50        100
     537 Ethics: An Introduction    4           50           50        100
     538 Foundations of Indian Philosoohv    4           50           50        100
     539 Sarvodava World order    4           50           50        100
     540 Gandhian Approach to Health    4           50           50        100
     541 Local Economic Development    4           50           50        100
     542 Social Statistics    4           50           50        100
     543 English for Social Science
& Communicative Skills
   4           50           50        100
     544 Gandhism After Gandhi    4           50           50        100

                                                                      M.A GANDHIAN STUDIES
                                                                       ELECTIVE COURSE – 530
                                                                       Culture Heritage of India

  • Definition of Culture and civilization – Ancient Indian Culture – Indus valley culture. Two streams: The Dravidian culture and the Vedic culture of the Aryans – Development of Hinduism – Vedas– Later Vedic and Epics periods.
  • Ancient Indian customs and system – The caste system – Buddhism Jainism –Schools of Philosophy – Greek influence on India culture – Christianity in India – Hindu revivalism – the bhaktic movement – Sankara, Ramanuja, Madhava and Vallabha– Bhakti cult a reformative movement.
  • Advent of Islam – Muslim Impact on Indian Society and culture – The contact between Hindu culture and Muslim culture in India – Medieval Bhakti movement Guru Nanak , Mirabai, Ramdas and Sufism.
  • The Impact of English culture on India : Advent of the Portugese, Christain Missions, Introduction of Western Education – Reaction against English culture,Poltical and culture.
  • India Renaissance: Arya Samaj, Brahma Samja- Prathana Samja – Theosophical Society – Rama Krishna Mission Movement and Modern thinkers – Women’s Movement . Distinctive features of India culture – propects of cultural unity – A New National Culture.

Reading List

  • Dr.S.Radhakrishnan , The cultural Heritage of India.
  • Will Durant (1942) The story of Civilazation oriented Heritage, Simon and Schuster.
  • S.Abid Husain (1978) The National Culture of India, National Book Trust.
  • Sri Aurobinto (1958) The Foundations of Indian Culture, Sri. Aurobinto Ashram.
  • R.C.Mujumdar (Ed), (1965) The History and Culture of the Indian People Vol.1,Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.

                                                                 MA GANDHIAN STUDIES
                                                                 ELECTIVE COURSE – 531
                                                                 An Introduction to Logic

Unit 1 Definition and scope of Logic – Is logic a science or an art of both – Logic is a norrnative science – Logic is a formal science – Logic is a science of Reasoning- Scope and subject matter of Logic – Importance of Logic.

Unit 2 Propositions – kinds of propositions – Distribution of terms – Immediate inference – opposition of proposition – contrary – sub-contrary – subaltern – contradictory – Formal Education – Categorical syllogisms.

Unit 3 The Fallacy of Ambiguous Major – The Fallacy of Ambiguous Minor – The Fallacy of Ambiguous Middle – The Fallacy of illicit Major – The Fallacy of illicit minor – Mixed syllogism – Mixed Hypothetical syllogism – Antecedent – consequent – rules of Hypothetical Syllogism – Two kinds of Hypothetical syllogisms – Disjunctive syllogism.

Unit 4 The Problem of Induction – Difference between Induction and Deduction – Different kinds of Induction – Enthymeme and sortes – Postulates of Induction – Uniformity of nature as a postulate of Induction – causation – common sense notion of causation – scientific view of cause – Material Grounds of Induction – observation and experiment – Importunce of observation characteristics of observation – Aims of Experiment – Kinds of Experiment
– Comparison of advantages of observation and experiment – Advantages of observation and experiment – Fallacy of Non-observation

Unit 5 Fallacy of Mal – observation – Hypothesis – Steps of Hypothesis – Importance of Hypothesis – origin of Hypothesis – kinds of Hypothesis – Formal conditions of a Good Hypothesis – Good Hypothesis – Enumerative Induction – Defects of Perfect Induction – Perfect Induction is an unscientific methods – value of perfect induction – Imperfect Induction or Induction by simple enumeration – Defects – Merits – Definition of Analogy – Analogy and Scientific Induction .

Reading List

  • Basanquent, Essentials of Logic
  • Blumberg, Albert E., Logic A First course, New York, Alfred A Knopf, 1976
  • Carmichael R. D (2011) The Logic of Discovery, Kessinger Publishing.
  • Carry, James D. & Scheer, Richard K (1964) Fundamentals of Logic,New York, Macillan.
  • R Clark, & P.Welsh(1962) Introduction to Logic, VanNostrand.
  • Johnson, W.E., (2011) Logic, Hardpress Publishing.
  • HWB Joseph (2010) Introduction to Logic, BiblioBazaar.
  • C.E. Hyghes, and D.G.Londey (1967) The Elements of formal Logic,Bombay, B.I. Publications.
  • John Neville Keynes (2008) Studies and Exercisesin Formal Logic, Jackson Press.
  • I Seminger, Gray, An Introduction to Deductive Logic, New York,Appleton Century, crofts, 1968
  • Karel Lambert (1970) Philosophical problems in Logic – some recent developments, Reidel Publishing Company.
  • E.J Lemmon (1971) Beginning Logic Ontario, Canada: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.,

                                                        ELECTIVE COURSE – 532
                                  GANDHIAN APPROACH TO RURAL DEVELOPMENT

  • Rural poverty and Development : Meaning and Definition of Rural Poverty – Identifying Poverty – The Extent of Poverty – The Dynamics of Deprivation – Deprivation Indicators – Social Divisions and poverty – Meaning – Definiton – concepts- Measures and Determinants of Rural Development – The Rural community Organisation, concepts of community work – Aspects of community planning – Principles of Community organization.
  • Evolution of Rural Development programme in India – Rabindranath Tagore and Sriniketan – The Marthandan Project – The Gurgaon Experiment – community Development in Baroda State – Firka Development Scheme in Madras State – The Pilot Development project, Etawah – The Nilokheri Experiments – Gandhian Approach to Rural development – gandhian Experiments – The community Development programmes.
  • Rural Development Programme in India – Special Group and Area specific programmes – The small Farmer Development Agency – the Marginal farmers and Agricultural Labourers Schemes – The Drought – prone Area programme – the Desert development programme – other Rural Development programmes through the five YearPlans.
  • Agriculture and Rural Development- Development of Capitalism in Agriculture – Land Reforms and Bhoodan Movement- Increasing productivity,Green Revolution And Technological change in Agriculture – Rural credit,Cooperative societies, Rural Marketing and Agricultural Marketing – The Problems of brain drain – Alternatives, Natural farming and Integrated farming, Non violent farming.
  • Management of Rural Development Projects – Project cycle, Formation and Appraisal – Cost-Benefit Analysis – Critical Path Method – Programme Evaluation and Review Technique- Management of N.G.O’s and Development Programmes Monitoring and Evaluation.

Reading List

  • Book for charegl, The Great Drain
  • C.A. Robertson (1971) An Introduction to Agricultural ProductionEconomics and Farm Management, New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill.
  • Chris Dixon (1990) Rural Development in the Third World, Routledge.
  • T. Mathew (1978) Rural Development in India, Agricole Pub. Academy.
  • K. Arunachalam (1981) Gandhian Approach to Rural Development, Sarvodaya Ilakkiya Pannai.
  • Katar Singh (2009) Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management, Sage.
  • M.K. Gandhi (1963) Village Swaraj, Narajivan Publishing House.
  • Mahbule Ul Haq (1995) Reflections on Human Development, Oxford University Press.
  • Manrice Doble, Studies in the development and co-operation, Ministry of food Agriculture community development and co- operation: The Evolution of community Development programme in India.
  • Morris D Morris (1979) Measuring the conditions of the world’s poor: the physical quality of life index, Overseas Development Council [by] Pergamon Press.
  • Peter Alcock (2006) Understanding Poverty, Palgrave Macmillan.
  • P.RDubhashi (1996) Essays on Rural Development, Kaveri Books.
  • Peter Bartebmus (1994) Environment, Growth and development (The concepts and strategies of sustainability), Routledge.
  • Pyarelal (1959) Towards New Horizons, Navajivan Pub. House.
  • R P.Misra, R.N. Achyutha (1998) Micro-Level Planning, Principles, Methods and case studies, Concept Publishing.
  • R P. Misra (Ed), (1985) Rural Development, Capitalist and Socialist Paths VolI to IV,United Nations Centre for Regional Development.
  • Ram Kumar Varma (Editor), (1995) Rural Development and Anti- Poverty programme VolVI, Printwell.
  • F.R Frankal (1971) India’s Green Revolution: Economics Garnes and Political Costs,Princeton University Press.

                                                        ELECTIVE COURSE 533
                                                             INDIAN SOCIETY

  • Need for a scientific understanding of society – role of social analysis – different approaches to social analysis – social analysis in social science – objectivity Reductionism and public interest – Need for an inclusive approach.
  • Framework for analysis – (a) organization of the material base: Economic structure – social institutions – social stratification (b) organization of collection life : state, people’s organization civil institutions (c) culture and ideologies –nationalism.
  • Different types of society from a historical perspective – Tribal, feudal,capitalist, Socialist, industrial, post industrial. Experiments in alternative living – counter culture groups.
  • Analyzing Indian society (a) social structure rural – urban divine – castespatriarchy – ethnic group (b) economic structure : is class division relevant – properly relations – division of labour – poverty and affluence – from local market to global market (c) political structure : state – institutional aspects : legislature, executive, judiciary the fourth estate and public opinion – political parties, trade unions, peoples movements, NGOS and V.Os.
  • Social development and social change – role of state and voluntary agencies – Gandhi’s view on social transformation – Towards a just Society – Sarvodaya and Swaraj.

Reading list

  • Mac Iver & Page (1962) Society an Introductory analysis, Macmillan.
  • R.Aron – Main currentsin Sociological Thought.
  • D.N. Dhanagare (1993) Themes and perspectives in Indian Sociology, Rawat.
  • G. Lerner (1986) The creation of patriarchy,New York,Oxford University Press.
  • C.T. Kurien (1992) The Economy: An Inter protective Introduction, Sage.
  • D.N Majumdar & T.N. Madan (1982) An introduction to SocialAnthropology,Varanasi.N K Bose Memorial Foundation.
  • David Mandelbaum (1990) Society in India, Popular Prakashan.
  • Kidhael Lipton (1977) Why the poor people stay poor: A study of urban bias in WorldDevelopment, Temple Smith.
  • D. Thormer : The shaping of Modern India (allied)
  • Paul.R.Brass (1991) Ethnicity and Nationalism, Theory and Comparison,Sage.
  • J. Dasrochers : Methods of Social Analysis.
  • M. Godelier (2012) The Mental and the Material, Verso.
  • Bina Agarwal (ed) ( 1988) Structures of Patriarchy : State, community, and household in modernising Asia, Zed Books.
  • John Desrochars (1984) Classes in India Today, Centre for Social Action.
  • M.K. Gandhi (1951) Sarvodaya its principles and programme, Navajivan Pub. House.
  • M.K. Gandhi (1946) Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, Navajivan Pub. House.
  • Srinivas.M.N (1972) Social Change in Modern India, Orient Longman.
  • T.K.N. Unnithan (1979) Gandhi and Social Change, Jaipur, Rawat.
  • Gabriele Dictrich & Bastiaan Wielenga (2009) Towardsunderstanding Indian Society,Christava Sahitya Sahitya Samithy .(T.T.SMadurai).